Thursday, June 30, 2016

How to Approach Reasoning Section in Bank Exam



Dear Friends,

Today I am sharing the Detail about how to attempt the reasoning section in bank exam because reasoning is considered to be one of most scoring section but only when you attempt the question in right way. 


In Exam Try to solve the Question in this Pattern like from Easy to High level Reasoning
  • Syllogism -> Simple Syllogism and Syllogism with Possibilities
  • Coding Decoding -> Alphanumeric Coding and Line Coding
  • Inequality -> Direct Inequality and Coded Inequality
  • Blood Relation -> Direct Relation and Coded Relation
  • Direction Sense Test
  • Alphanumeric Series
  • Machine Input Output
  • Data Sufficiency
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Puzzle Section


Syllogism :- In this section questions can be asked in two ways like normal syllogism and another is Syllogism with Possibilities. Both the type of Syllogism can be solved through Venn diagram and also from Vowel Rule like (A+A=A), you just need to solve through any method.

Normal Syllogism Example


Statements:  Some actors are singers. All the singers are dancers.

Conclusions: Some actors are dancers. No singer is actor.

(A) If only (1) conclusion follows
(B) If sonly (2) conclusion follows
(C) If either (1) or (2) follows
(D) If neither (1) nor (2) follows and
(E) If both (1) and (2) follow.

Syllogism with Possibilities

Statements: Some desks are chairs. Some chairs are pens. Some pens are drawers

Conclusions: At least some drawers are desks. There is a possibility all drawers are chairs. No drawer is a chair

Coding Decoding: - In this also question can be asked in many ways like syllogism. See the below example to get idea.

1. Letter Coding
If COURSE is coded as FRXUVH, how is RACE coded in that code?
(1) HFDU 
(2) UCFH 
(3) UDFH
(4) UDHF 
(5) UDFG

2. Number Coding
If in a certain code ROPE is coded as 6821, CHAIR is coded as 73456 what will be the code for CRAPE
(1) 73456 
(2) 76421 
(3) 77246
(4) 77123 
(5) None of these

3. Line Coding
If tee see pee means drink fruit juice, see kee lee means juice is sweet, and lee ree mee means he is intelligent, which word in that language means sweet?
(1) See 
(2) Kee 
(3) Lee
(4) Pee 
(5) Tee

4. Symbol Coding
In a certain code ‘TOME’ is written as ' @ $ * ? '   And ARE is written as ‘ • £ ? ’ How can ‘REMOTE’ be written in that code
(1) £ ? • $ @ ? 
(2) @ ? * $ @ ? 
(3) £ ? * $ @ ?
(4) Cannot be determined 
(5) None of these

5. Mixed Coding
If in a certain code language, ‘851’ means ‘good sweet fruit’;  ‘783’ means ‘good red rose’ and 341 means ‘rose and fruit’ which of the following digits stands for “sweet” in that language?
(1) 8 
(2) 5 
(3) 1
(4) 3 
(5) None of these

Inequality: It also comes in a set of 5 questions and there can be different type of questions based on the level of exam.
1. Direct Inequality
A > B, B < C
Statement:  A > B < C
Conclusion:   I A > C               II. A < C

2. Coded Inequality

I) A @ B means A is greater than B;

ii) A * B means A is either greater than or equal to B;
iii) A # B means A is equal to B;
iv) A $ B means A is either smaller than or equal to B;
v) A + B means A is smaller than B. - See more at:


Statements:  P * Q;   Q $ R;     S + T;   R + S
Conclusions:  I. Q + S           II. Q + T

Blood Relation: This question can be solved in 20-30 min if you know right technique and you have done some practice.

I. Line based Blood Relation

Pointing to a photograph of a boy Suresh said, "He is the son of the only son of my mother." How is Suresh related to that boy?
A.
Brother
B.
Uncle
C.
Cousin
D.
Father
II. Alpha signed Blood Relation

If A + B means A is the mother of B; A - B means A is the brother B; A % B means A is the father of B and A x B means A is the sister of B, which of the following shows that P is the maternal uncle of Q?
A.
Q - N + M x P
B.
P + S x N - Q
C.
P - M + N x Q
D.
Q - S % P
III. Coded Blood Relation
a) A∆B means A is mother of B
b) A $B means A is sister of B
c) A*B means A is father of B
d) A #B means A is brother of B

Q. Which of the following means R is uncle of T
a) R*P#S∆Q$T b) S*P#R*U#T c) P*R#Q$S*T d) P*R$Q$S*T e) None of these

Direction Sense Test : This question is based on the direction covered by a particular object and based on that you need to answer the various type of question which asked on this topic. It is also considered as easy topic but to make it complicated they give you this question in data sufficiency where you may need to find the two- three direction which can be lengthy and time consuming.

I. Line based direct question

Q.A man walks 5 km toward south and then turns to the right. After walking 3 km he turns to the left and walks 5 km. Now in which direction is he from the starting point.

A. West B. South C. North- East D. South West

II. Coded Direction Sense Test

Each of the following questions is based on the following information:
A # B means B is at 1 meter to the right of A.
A $ B means B is at 1 meter to the North of A.
A * B means B is at 1 meter to the left of A.
A @ B means B is at 1 meter to the south of A.
Q. According to X @ B * P, P is in which direction with respect to X

A. West B. South C. North- East D. South West E. None of These
III. Data Sufficiency based on Direction
Point X is in which direction with respect to Y

I. Point Z is at equal distance from both point X and point Y.

II. Walking 5 km to the East of point X and taking two consecutive right turns after walking 5 km before each turns lead to point Y.


Machine Input Output : In this question you will get some random generated Input which will have numbers and words, and below that there will be some steps to get that input arranged in some specific order and after that there will be output which will again have random number and word and you have to arrange that output based on the logic of Input arrangement provide with Steps. After arrangement you will have answer a set of 5-6 Questions based on your arrangement.

As this question contains more than five steps of arrangement and finding logic and based on that answering questions so it is considered as lengthy and time consuming so you need to practice this before to solve in less time

Input: 48 245 182 26 99 542 378 297

Step I: 542 48 245 182 26 99 378 297
Step II : 542 26 48 245 182 99 378 297
Step III: 542 26 378 48 245 182 99 297
Step IV: 542 26 378 48 297 245 182 99
Step V: 542 26 378 48 297 99 245 182

This is the final arrangement and step V is the last step for this input.


Output : 765 42 183 289 542 65 110 350


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